Veneto (/ˈveɪnəˌtoʊ/ or /ˈvɛnətoʊ/, Italian: [ˈvɛːneto]; Venetian: Vèneto [ˈvɛneto]) is one of the 20 regions of Italy. The region's capital and most populous city is Venice.
Veneto was part of the Roman Empire until the 5th century AD. Later, after a feudal period, it was part of the Republic of Venice until 1797. Venice ruled for centuries over one of the largest and richest maritime republics and trade empires in the world. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence. The Statute of Veneto of 2012 refers to the inhabitants of the region as "the Venetian people" (il popolo veneto).